Jay T. Stock
Telephone: +44 (0)1223 335 463
E-mail: jts34@cam.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Human Evolution and Development
Fellow of Downing College, Graduate Tutor
Office Hours: by appointment
Research Interests
Skeletal biology, phenotypic plasticity, the evolution of human variation, human growth and development, evolutionary ecology, skeletal robusticity, biomechanics and behaviour, functional morphology and locomotion, morphological integration, body size and allometry, bioarchaeology, hunter-gatherer behavioural ecology, the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, coastal hunter-gatherer adaptations, the origins of agriculture and sedentary societies
Regional: sub-saharan Africa, south Asia, Siberia, the Levant, Europe, the Andaman Islands.
Selected Publications
Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. (2011) Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. 504p.
book cover
2014 / In Press  
Pomeroy E., Wells, J.C.K., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J., Stock J.T. (2014: in press) Birth month associations with height, head circumference and limb lengths among Peruvian children. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  
Stock, J.T. (2013) The skeletal phenotype of 'Negritos' from the Andaman Islands and Philippines relative to global variation among hunter-gatherers. Human Biology 85(1):67–94. pdf
von Cramon-Taubadel, N., Stock, J.T., Pinhasi, R. (2013) Skull and limb morphology differentially track population history and environmental factors in the transition to agriculture in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. vol. 280 no. 1767 pdf
Pomeroy E., Stanojevic S., Stock J.T., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J., Wells, J.C.K. (2013) Associations between arterial oxygen saturation, body size and limb measurements among high-altitude Andean children. American Journal of Human Biology. 25:629-636. pdf
Richter, T., Maher, L., Edinborough, K., Jones, M., Garrard, A., Stock, J.T. (2013) Epipalaeolithic Settlement Dynamics in southwest Asia: New Radiocarbon Evidence from the Azraq Basin. Journal of Quaternary Science. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2629 pdf
Stock, J.T., Shirley, M.K., Sarringhaus, L.A., Davies, T.G., Shaw, C.N. (2013) Skeletal evidence for variable patterns of handedness in chimpanzees, human hunter-gatherers, and recent British populations. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1288:86-99. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12067 pdf
Gómez-Olivencia, A., Been, E., Arsuaga, J.L., Stock, J.T. (2013) The Neandertal vertebral column. 1- The cervical spine. Journal of Human Evolution 64(6):608-30. pdf
Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2013) Extreme mobility in the Late Pleistocene? Comparing limb biomechanics among fossil Homo, varsity athletes and Holocene foragers. Journal of Human Evolution 64(4):242-249. pdf
Macintosh, A.A., Davies, T., Ryan, T.M., Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2013) Periosteal vs. true cross-sectional geometry: A comparison along humeral, femoral, and tibial diaphyses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150(3)442-452. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22218 pdf
Pomeroy E, Stock JT, Stanojevic S, Miranda JJ, Cole TJ, Wells, JCK (2012) Trade-Offs in Relative Limb Length among Peruvian Children: Extending the Thrifty Phenotype Hypothesis to Limb Proportions. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51795. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., DeSilva, J.M., Stock, J.T. (2012) The Obstetric Dilemma: An Ancient Game of Russian Roulette, or a Variable Dilemma Sensitive to Ecology? Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 55:40-71. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2012) The biology of human migration: the ape that won’t commit?. In. Causes and Consequences of Human Migration: An Evolutionary Perspective. Crawford, M.H., Campbell, B. eds. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21-44.  
Davies, TG, Shaw CN, Stock JT (2012). A test of a new method and software for the rapid estimation of cross-sectional geometric properties of long bone diaphyses from 3D laser surface scans. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-012-0101-8 pdf
Shaw, C.N., Hofmann, C.L., Petraglia, M.D., Stock, J.T., Gottschall, J.S. (2012) Neandertal humeri may reflect adaptation to scraping tasks, but not spear thrusting. PLoS One 7(7): e40349. pdf
Stock, J.T. (2012) Human Evolution after the Origin of our Species: Bridging the gap between Palaeoanthropology and Bioarchaeology. Eds. P Mitchell and J Buckberry Proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO). Oxford: Archaeopress. pp. 3-15  
Maher, L., Richter, T., Stock, J.T. (2012) The Pre-Natufian Epipalaeolithic: Long-Term Behavioral Trends in the Levant. Evolutionary Anthropology. 21:69-81, pdf
Diaz, A., O’Connell, T., Maher, L.M., and Stock, J.T. (2012) Subsistence and mobility strategies in the Epipalaeolithic: A stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains at ‘Uyun al-Hammam, northern Jordan. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(7):1984-1992. pdf
Maher LA, Richter T, Macdonald D, Jones MD, Martin L, Stock, J.(2012) Twenty Thousand-Year-Old Huts at a Hunter-Gatherer Settlement in Eastern Jordan. PLoS ONE 7(2): e31447. pdf
Pomeroy, E., and Stock, J.T. (2012) Estimation of stature and body mass from the skeleton among coastal and mid-altitude andean populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147:264-279. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2011) Re-examining heritability: genetics, life history and plasticity. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism 22(10):421-428. pdf
Longman, D., Stock, J.T., and Wells, J.C.K. (2011) Fluctuating asymmetry as a predictor for rowing ergometer performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine 32:606-610.  
Stock, J.T., Pinhasi, R. (2011) Changing paradigms in our understanding of the transition to agriculture: Human bioarchaeology, behaviour and adaptation . In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture.  Wiley-Blackwell., p. 1-15. pdf
Stock, J.T. O’Neill, M., Ruff, C.B., Zabecki, M., Shackelford, L., Rose, J. (2011) Body size, skeletal biomechanics, mobility and habitual activity from the Late Palaeolithic to mid-Dynastic Nile Valley. In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 347-370. pdf
Lieverse, A., Stock, J.T., Katzenberg, M.A., Haverkort, C. (2011) Bioarchaeology of habitual activity and dietary change in the Siberian mid-Holocene. In Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 265-292. pdf
Pinhasi, R., Stefanovic, S., Papathanasiou, A., & Stock, J.T. (2011) Variability in long bone growth patterns and limb proportions within and among Mesolithic and Neolithic populations from southeast Europe. In: Pinhasi, R., & Stock, J.T. eds. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 177-202.  
Longman, D., Stock, J.T., and Wells, J.C.K. (2011) Digit ratio (2D:4D) and rowing ergometer performance in males and females. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144(3):337-341. pdf
Shaw, C.N. & Stock, J.T. (2011) The Influence of Body Proportions on Femoral and Tibial Midshaft Shape in Hunter-Gatherers, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144(1):22-29.  
Maher, L.A., Stock, J.T., Finney, S., Heywood, J., Miracle, P., and Banning, E.B. (2011) A Unique Human-Fox Burial from a Pre-Natufian Cemetery in the Levant (Jordan). PLoS One. January 2011: Volume 6(Issue 1)e15815.
2010 and earlier  
Richter, T., Stock, J.T., Maher, L., Hebron, C. (2010) An Early Epipalaeolithic Sitting Burial from the Azraq Oasis, Jordan. Antiquity 84(324):321-334. pdf
Bondioli, L., Bayle, P., Dean, C., Mazurier, A., Puymerail, L., Ruff, C., Stock, J.T., Volpato, V., Zanolli, C., Macchiarelli, R. (2010) Morphometric maps of long bone shafts and dental roots for imaging topographic thickness variation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142:328-334. pdf
Buck, L., Stock, J.T., and Foley, R.A. (2010) Intraspecific variation in the Catarrhine postcranial skeleton. International Journal of Primatology 31:779-795. pdf
Stock, J.T., and Buck, L. (2010) Canalization and plasticity in humans and primates: implications for interpreting the fossil record. In: Perote Alejandre, A., & Mateos Cachorro, A. eds. 150 años después de Darwin: evolución, future o crisis? Lecciones sobre evolución humana. Instituto Tomás Pascual Sanz / Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana: Madrid: 91-101. pdf
Shaw, C.N., Stock, J.T. (2009a) Intensity, Repetitiveness, and Directionality of Habitual Adolescent Mobility Patterns Influence the Tibial Diaphysis Morphology in Athletes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140:149-159. pdf
Stock, J.T., Migliano, A.B. (2009) Stature, Mortality, and Life History among Indigenous Populations of the Andaman Islands, 1871–1986. Current Anthropology 50(5):713-725. pdf
Wells, J.C.K., Stock, J.T. (2007) The biology of the colonizing ape. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology. 50:191-222. pdf
Starling, A., Stock, J.T. (2007) Dental indicators of heath and stress in early Egyptian and Nubian agriculturalists: Difficult transition and gradual recovery. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 134(4):520-528. pdf
Stock, J.T., Shaw, C.N. (2007) Which measures of skeletal robusticity are robust?: A comparison of external methods of quantifying diaphyseal strength to cross-sectional geometric properties. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 134(3):412-423. pdf
Stock, J.T. (2006) Hunter-gatherer postcranial robusticity relative to patterns of mobility, climatic adaptation and selection for tissue economy. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 131(2):194-204. pdf
Stock, J.T., Pfeiffer, S., Chazan, M., and Janetski, J. (2005) The F-81 skeleton from Wadi Mataha, Jordan, and its bearing on human variability in the Epipaleolithic of the Levant. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 128(2):453-465. pdf
Stock, J.T. and Pfeiffer, S. (2004) Long bone robusticity and subsistence behaviour among Later Stone Age foragers of the forest and fynbos biomes of South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31(7):999-1013. pdf
Stock, J.T. and Pfeiffer, S. (2001) Linking structural variability in long bone diaphyses to habitual behavior: Foragers from the southern African Later Stone Age and the Andaman Islands. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 115:337-34. pdf
Complete list of publications